Some Calvinists appeal to Ephesians 2:8-9 as proof that faith is a gift from God. It is his right to drop us into nothingness any moment he pleases, and no wrong is done us. Commentary on Ephesians 2:8-10. by John Eadie. On one side, we must look at God; and, on the other, at man. Ephesians 2. Ephesians 1:3-14. While, then, καὶ τοῦτο seems to refer to the idea contained in the participle only, it would seem that in θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον there is allusion to the entire clause-God's is the whole gift. And you He made alive: The words He made alive are in italics, which indicates that they are added to the text but implied from the context. Since it is a neuter pronoun it evidently does not refer to "grace" or "faith," both of which are feminine in gender in the Greek text. “And that not of yourselves”: “Is not due to yourselves” (TCNT). Disciples of Jesus must not compartmentalize their lives, but must allow Jesus to be Lord of all the … Faith is, indeed, truly said to be the gift of God; but it is faith as a power, not as an act, that is God’s gift. But on the other hand the salvation is the main idea in the preceding statement, and it seems best to understand the as referring to that salvation in its entire compass, and not merely to the one element in it, its instrumental cause, appended by way of explanation. "FOR BY GRACE ARE YOU SAVED THROUGH FAITH." Ephesians 2:8-9 KJV For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. Yet "faith" cometh by the means which man must avail himself of, namely, "hearing the word of God" (Ro 10:17), and prayer (Lu 11:13), though the blessing is wholly of God (1Co 3:6, 7). If the apostle meant to refer to faith- πίστις, why change the gender? This wasabout 61 years after the birth of Christ. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast." And as you remember, every sentence has one main point. (1) Christians are alive from the dead. The plan and process of salvation is from God as a gift, it is by grace, and it is accessed through faith in God’s promises in Christ. When (3) it is said, “Believe and thou shall be saved,” then faith is the, upon which we are justified, regenerated, and elected, to holiness here and heaven hereafter. But some of the difficulties of the first method of interpretation attach to this. EXEGESIS: BACKGROUND: While this book begins, “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus” (1:1), scholars today are divided regarding both the authorship and the intended recipients. Some of the oldest manuscripts read, "through your (literally, 'the') faith." виться человеческими усилиями. 3. Through faith - Grace bestowed through faith, or in connection with believing; see the notes at Romans 1:17; Romans 4:16, note. ‘This’ might with correctness refer either to salvation or to ‘faith;’ but the mass of recent commentators accept the former view, as more grammatical, as preserving better the parallelism of the passage (‘not of your-selves;’ ‘not of works’). And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. Through faith - the hand which apprehends Christ unto salvation, nerved by the power of Christ's resurrection (Ephesians 1:19-20; Philippians 3:10), whereby we are 'raised together' with him (Ephesians 2:6; Colossians 2:12). is the beginning, foundation, and the root of justification, and the first of all other virtues, without which it is impossible to please God. In Christ, we have redemption from our sins. Then Ephesians 2:8-9 make another sentence, and Ephesians 2:10 is a third sentence. The *temple of thegoddess (female god) Diana (or Artemis) was there. First, he asserts, that the salvation of the Ephesians was entirely the work, the gracious work of God. 2:16). We are sinners who need a Savior and can only be saved by God's grace. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: not of yourselves: it is the gift of God. The apostle now presents the truth in a negative contrast-. that salvation". 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.. One in Christ. It may also be granted that a peculiarly suitable idea results—the opportune reminder that even their faith, in which at least they might think there was something of their own, has its origin in God’s grace, not in their own effort. 8 For . Ephesians 2:8. : for by grace have ye been saved. [Note: _ New American Standard. This is not the emphatic phrase, but adds the subjective means, as so often in Paul’s writings. '', Whether you accept the reply or not, it is sufficient to show that the Greek is not as definitive in this verse as some scholars would have you believe. Misconceptions of these words have produced much confusion about how God saves men from sin. But is not salvation as internal as faith? —In view of this divine organic process now completely stated. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. While man had no right to expect, God was under no necessity to provide salvation. This is the interpretation of the passage which is the most obvious, and which is now generally conceded to be the true one; see Bloomfield. The sentence thus beginning with (cf.Romans 13:11) is not parenthetical, but an integral part of the statement. There is none of these which does not claim a share of praise in the salvation of men; so that the praise of grace would not, as Paul shews, remain undiminished. 3:20; Гал. Salvation comes from God, not man. When (2) it is said “The just shall live by faith,” then faith is to us the means by which we live. So Calvin understands it, and so it is understood by Storr, Locke, Clarke, Koppe, Grotius, and others. As it is, we do not yet see everything in subjection to Him. "Faith" involves human effort. KJV: King James Version God declares, that he owes us nothing; so that salvation is not a reward or recompense, but unmixed grace. The Completeness Of Discipleship Series Contributed by David Owens on Nov 16, 2020 based on 1 rating | 898 views. 1. However, it is a tautology to say salvation and grace are "nor of yourselves," and in that case it certainly looks more like the passage is really pointing out that man cannot even take credit for his own act of faith, but that faith was itself created by God and implanted in us that we might believe (i.e. While grace is unmerited and undeserved, such grace is also conditional. Commentary on Ephesians 2:1-10 (Read Ephesians 2:1-10) Sin is the death of the soul. As a matter of grammar this opinion is certainly doubtful, if not untenable; but as a matter of theology it is a question of very little importance. What is the context of Ephesians 2:8-9? This is most effectually done by saying, ‘Ye are not only saved by faith in opposition to works, but your very faith is not of yourselves, it is the gift of God.'. This is the second out of four studies on Ephesians 2:8-10 'Extraordinary Purpose' from The Bible Teaching Commentary. Ephesians 2:8, 9, 10 explains why the apostle have only now started using a favorite word here in this passage rather than earlier on. NIV: New International Version God cannot believe for us. He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. The Holy Spirit, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Faith is not an act or work that earns merit with God, which He rewards with salvation. Surely the faith with which a beggar stretches forth his hand to receive the donation of thousands from a millionaire would not be a merit, a work, a compensation to the donor, neutralizing the graciousness of the gratuity. through. Dissen, Exc. ], "If we breathe, it is because life has been breathed into us; if we exercise the hearing of faith it is because our ears have been unstopped. In Ephesians 2:5 this thought is introduced parenthetically, naturally and irresistibly suggested by the declaration of the various steps of regeneration in Christ. Commentary on Ephesians 2-:8-10. by Charles Hodge. So soon as a man is out of danger, he is safe or “saved.” Salvation is a present blessing, though it may not be fully realized. But the latter properly lays stress on a more advanced stage of the process of redemption in Christ. NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. If, on the part of God, it is grace alone, and if we bring nothing but faith, which strips us of all commendation, it follows that salvation does not come from us. Ephesians 2:8 Adam Clarke comments that the word "it" in "it is the gift of God " can be more accurately translated "this." 1:3-6 ~ The Father has chosen us. Ephesians 2:8-10 English Standard Version (ESV). for it was while, to God and alive to and with the devil, that God, . Or, perhaps, “God’s gift it is”. 83-84). John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians (Ephesians 2:9.) Note, the text does not say, “For ye are saved by grace only”. 4. “God would have to be kind to offer pardon to one who openly violates His expressed word” (Caldwell p. 80). The salvation is not an achievement but a gift, and a gift from none other than God. Ought we not then to be silent about free-will, and good intentions, and fancied preparations, and merits, and satisfactions? It is at once the due act of a yielding rebel to a rightful sovereign, and of a returning prodigal to a rightful and ever gracious parent. 8.For by grace are ye saved. —Not merely converted, justified, and sanctified; but gloriously, —saved from death, the devil, and hell; saved to resurrection, Christ, God, and glory, in the full sight of the endless, —As the instrument in God’s hands; the handle by which he gets hold of us to snatch us from Satan and spring us into heaven. App-150. why not write καὶ αὕτη? Ephesians 2:8, 9, 10 explains why the apostle have only now started using a favorite word here in this passage rather than earlier on. 1. Ephesians 2:8 New International Version << Ephesians 1 | Ephesians 2 | Ephesians 3 >> 8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith-and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God-Related Commentaries for Ephesians 2. Ephesians 2:8 Context. Extraordinary Purpose" is The Bible Teaching Commentary based on Ephesians 2:8-10. Bernhardy, p. 315. Ephesians 2:8 Context. In Christ, we have redemption from our sins. Sight, as a power, is the gift of God; but sight, as an act, is our own exertion of power. The phrase in the text is, as always in this Epistle, theologically exact. It is also to be noted that the use of the name “Saviour,” applied both to God and to Christ, belongs entirely to the later Epistles. Remembering how the Epistles were written from dictation, we may be inclined to see in this passage among others, an insertion made by the Apostle, on a revision of that already written. Ephesians 2:8. by Grant | May 21, 2015 | Ephesians | 8 comments. For - illustrating 'the exceeding riches of His grace in kindness.' ], "If we breathe, it is because life has been breathed into us; if we exercise the hearing of faith it is because our ears have been unstopped. Therefore, what do those mean who would join together things of such contrary natures? The book of Ephesians was written by the Apostle Paul to the church in Ephesus around 60-64 A.D. Paul spent a great amount of time there and this letter served … καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν—“and that not of yourselves”- ἐκ, as it often does, referring to source or cause. Beza, following the fathers, prefers the former reference; Calvin, with most of the modern commentators, the latter. Whether this passage proves it or not, it is certainly true that faith is the gift of God. !” [Note: in the Greek, FAITH is feminine but IT is neuter. Ephesians 2:8-22 English Standard Version (ESV). He has done no wrong, and if repentance is ever exercised, therefore, it must be exercised by our own minds. {10} For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we … Note also that Romans 5:15 also explains this truth and adds that grace is a "free gift", "But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. Here we have the Christian unfolding of the source of salvation. Lachmann and Harless place this clause in a parenthesis. ‘Ye are saved by faith, not by works, lest any man should boast.' It is his right to drop us into nothingness any moment he pleases, and no wrong is done us. The words from καὶ τοῦτο to the end of the verse may be read parenthetically—“By grace are ye saved, through faith (and t hat not of yourselves: it is the gift of God), not of works;” that is, “By grace ye are saved, through faith,” “not of works.” Even with this understanding of the paragraph, the difficulty still remains, and the idea of such a parenthesis cannot be well entertained, for the ἐξ ὑμῶν corresponds to the ἐξ ἔργων. These scriptures are for everyone, for people that have been Christians quite awhile, for brand new Christians, and for non-believers. Denomination: Adventist. For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast. through faith—the effect of the power of Christ's resurrection (Eph 1:19, 20; Php 3:10) whereby we are "raised together" with Him (Eph 2:6; Col 2:12). 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, Verses eight and nine show how Christians enter into a saved state (v.5). Ephesians 2:8. God clearly condemns the unbeliever (Mark 16:14; Mark 16:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9), but at the same time Calvinism asserts that God gives the faith. The only point in the interpretation of these verses of any doubt, relates to the second clause. 2:8 For by grace you are saved through faith, and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God; 2:9 it is not from works, so that no one can boast. That is, by faith as the instrument or means. Salvation comes from God, not man. Paul wrote to believers who were made alive by God’s work. It exists in the mind only when the Holy Spirit produces it there, and is, in common with every other Christian excellence, to be traced to his agency on the heart. The word “that,” therefore, does not refer particularly to faith, as being the gift of God, but to “the salvation by grace” of which he had been speaking. The answer is, by faith; and hence he concludes that nothing connected with it is our own. Ephesians 2 – God’s Way of Reconciliation A. It is not an attribute which must always manifest itself, but a prerogative that may either be exercised or held in abeyance. ], To what does "that" or "this" refer? Read Introduction to Ephesians . Editor). The meaning of the idiom may here be—“Ay, and this” is not of yourselves. Eph. 3. From the very nature of faith, as an act of assent and trust, it excludes the idea of merit. It did not spring from you, nor did you suggest it to God; but-. But the latter properly lays stress on a more advanced stage of the process of redemption in Christ. By Paul J. Bucknell Commentaries on Ephesians. And even Salvation (as a noun) is feminine. N.T. It is our "own mind" that repents; our own heart that feels; our own eyes that weep - and without this there can he no true repentance. The apostle says works, without qualification or limitation. So of faith. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. This is plain, for salvation 118 is entirely of grace. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Ephesians 2:8 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources. Extraordinary Purpose is The Bible Teaching Commentary based on Ephesians 2:8-9. But faith is more than just believing (James 2:19).]. And that - namely, the act of believing, or "faith," which might seem to be your own independent act, is not so. Ephesians 2:8, KJV: "For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:" Ephesians 2:8, NASB: "For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;" Ephesians 2:8, NLT: "God saved you by his grace when you believed. That faith is indeed empowered in us by the grace underlying our probation: but that faith freely exercised by us, and seen by God, is the underlying condition of our election in time; and foreseen by God is the underlying condition in our eternal election before the foundation of the world, as described in Ephesians 1:4; Ephesians 1:11, where see notes. Ephesians 2:8–9 is an extremely popular passage of Scripture. Since it is a neuter pronoun it evidently does not refer to "grace" or "faith," both of which are feminine in gender in the Greek text. But this grace does not operate immediately and universally. 8 For . And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast." Some have erroneously concluded that "faith" is the gift of God in this verse, and that man is so sinful that God must give him the faith in the first place, but that would contradict other passages. True so far, but the insertion of the contrasted οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν suggested the repetition. Remembering how the Epistles were written from dictation, we may be inclined to see in this passage among others, an insertion made by the Apostle, on a revision of that already written. It is not only said in general, ‘ye are saved by grace,' but further that salvation is by faith, i.e. When, (1) it is said that God justifies us, with which God rescues us from sin and hell. The sovereignty of God and the human responsibility of man. Ephesians 2:8–9 says, "For by grace you have been saved through faith. We are sinners who need a Savior and can only be saved by God's grace. 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