Concept maps can assist the action researcher by providing a visual representation of how he/she is conceptualizing the major influences affecting the study. Based on the case study in chapter 7, complete the action chart on page 144 to develop an action plan that will effect positive educational change based on the insights gained through Jack Reston's action research study. When teachers gain new understandings about both their own and their students' behaviors through action research, they are empowered to make informed decisions about their practices, link prior knowledge to new knowledge, learn from experience, and ask questions and find answers systematically. Describe how they were used in this action research study to answer the research questions. small-scale action-based research questions. Should flow logically from the conclusions and contain steps to useful action. ), focuses on controlling variables and uses numbers to quantify the cause-effect relationships, uses both quantitative and qualitative research methods, you both participate and observe. Teacher-made tests are used to monitor student learning and to adjust instruction. As you now know, action research is different from traditional research in that it is done by and for the teacher researcher. In your efforts to clarify your values, consider the issues raised by these four perspectives and how resolving these issues can contribute to your personal/professional ethical stance. What separates this type of research or learning from general practice or assessment is the emphasis on scientific study, which is to say the researcher studies the problem Many theories in health education and health promotion seek answers to the fundamental question of why people behave the way they do. Action research is one of those terms that we hear quite often in today’s educational circles. Identify three considerations when collecting data via interviews. All research questions should be: What are some quantitative data analysis techniques? Identify the benefits of sharing your action research with others. Why does Mills suggest in the last chapter of his book that this is really the beginning of your work? action research literature and identifies prominent action research books, journals, and applications. This then provides the teacher researcher with a plan of action that will positively change his/her practices. The criteria for judging action research (see Research in Action Checklist 9-1) involve: intractability of reform, audience, format, professional disposition, reflective stance, life-enhancing, action, action-data connection, impact, changes, and colleague response. The text provides several suggestions for being a productive writer of action research. Should be meaningful to you and address needs of your students. Process. For this case study, a variety of plans may be identified that address the study's findings that students need to have opportunities to be successful, have a sense of belonging, and learn strategies for dealing with stress. Use questions that vary from convergent (closed) to divergent (open). articles are reviewed by panel of experts in field; these are more trustworthy articles. Identify a plan on how you will be able to conduct action research within your daily schedule. Classifying. Using the Highland Park case study, briefly describe how you will analyze the data collected from student interviews. Describe the benefits for a teacher researcher to take on this task. Educational action research can be engaged in by a single teacher, by a group of colleagues who share an interest in a common problem, or by the entire faculty of a school. n your response you should include: 1) the key sources that you will use to locate literature [i.e., types of journals, online sources], 2) the process in which you refine your area of focus by identifying key words, 3) how you will access literature found (i.e., go to local university library, access full-text online resources), and 4) criteria for evaluating your source based on trustworthiness, current findings, and objectivity. Sampling. Applying the criteria identified, 80 publications wer… The first part of this project involved a search of the literature on action research in nursing higher education from 1994 to 2013. To do this, practice triangulation and practice reflexivity (reveal underlying assumptions or biases that cause researcher to formulate questions), concern researchers have with the meaning attributed to behaviors by the people who have been studied (the participants perspective), ability of research report to explain the phenomenon that has been studied and described, has to do with whether or not the researcher was objective enough to report the data in as unbiased a way as possible, requires that the action emerging from a particular study leads to the successful resolution of problem that was being studied, requires that a study has been conducted in a dependable and competent manner, results of your study should be a catalyst for action, Wolcott's strategies for ensuring validity in AR, dependability or trustworthiness; the degree to which a test consistently measures whatever it sets out to measure. Identify themes from the data that will help answer the research question(s). Accessible in print. In addition, a plan for developing family, school, and community partnerships should be included. Describe how the strategy of concept mapping assists the data analysis process. An action research plan summarizes your action research thoughts in a plan that will guide you through your action research work and includes the following nine steps: When conducting interviews, data collection considerations include the types of interview questions and recording devices, and format of the interview. Example Research Questions You need at least 2, use of polar opposite words, students indicate where between the two words their decision/feelings fall. Using the Highland Park case study, describe how the researchers used the following two data interpretation techniques: 1) connect findings with personal experience, and 2) seek the advice of critical friends. Action Research The purpose of action research is to develop new approaches to solve questions or problems that are directly related to everyday life. A major challenge in constructing any interview is to phrase questions in such a way that they elicit the information you really want. self-efficacy, can be outside influences, canon sounds); characteristic of your study that is subject to change, idea that you have going into your research; statement that predicts what will happen. Passion is integral to doing action research and can be a resource Reconnaissance activities help teacher researchers clarify what they already know and what they want to address in their action research study. The following are objectives of action research except_____ Action Research DRAFT. You may learn something important about your students and their learning, something you may have missed had you not put your thoughts in writing. Describe how Alyson Marland's action research study does or does not address issues of reliability. What are some qualitative data analysis techniques? Struggle with the nuances and caveats, the subtleties, the persuasive, and the incomplete. Describe the criteria used to judge action research. Have an, use multiple sources of data. Listservs are online discussion forums usually hosted by university computer networks. This is a research method called action research. Furthermore, the act of writing up your research for peers necessitates honesty, accuracy, clarity, and thought, encouraging a well-thought-out description and analysis of your study. Validity refers to the degree in which the data accurately represent what they purport to measure. You likely will have 1-3 questions that guide your action research process. Start with a problem statement about the area you want to study, and then create research questions and hypotheses to learn more. In the chapter 5 case study, describe the ethical issue the action researchers faced in their study. Avoid premature judgments and actions by remaining focused on the ultimate goal of improving the lives of your students. The online resources offered at different sites typically fall into three categories: action research Web sites, listservs, and online journals. By being a participant you change the environment. Purpose is to identify info that already exists & find productive research strategies, procedures, and instruments, causal conversation that allows teacher in conversational style to inquire into something, written or visual sources of data that contribute to our understanding of what is happening in classrooms and schools, how we know that the data we collect accurately gauge what we are trying to measure. Examples of evaluation research 10+ Action Research Examples. The value in writing up your research is that the process of writing requires the writer to clarify meaning—choose words carefully, describe what is experienced or seen, reflect on experiences, and refine phrasing when putting words on a page. It is the degree to which a test consistently measures whatever it measures. Choose any one of the Web site sources listed in chapter 9. Armed with your knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes about action research, the work now begins as your routinize the practice and continue to monitor the effects of your innovation on students' learning. Sample Action Research Example Writing up research is not a task that all teacher researchers feel confident in doing. For action research this means considering whether the data were collected using the same method and if the results would be consistent over time. In your own words describe your own beliefs about research. Describe the intervention or innovations. What determines if your action research study gets published? The ends do not justify the means, and researchers must not put their need to carry out their study above their responsibility to maintain the well-being of the study's participants. Interpretations are based on intimate knowledge and understandings of one's school, classroom, teaching, and learning. They are an invitation to participate in discussions with other action researchers from all over the world. 1. The act of sharing and celebrating the findings of action research is a critical component of the professional teaching disposition and reflective practitioner. Using a tool for research simplifies the process right from creating a survey, importing contacts, distributing the survey and generating reports that aid in research. Concentration on explicit-research query. Whatever the scenario, action research always involves the same seven-step process. he purpose of data analysis is to answer the question, "How am I going to make sense of this data?" The Highland Park teachers worked as a research team to conduct their action research study. Published on April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes. multiple people working on the same project; collection & analysis of numerical data to describe, explain, predict & control phenomenon, uses narrative, descriptive approaches to data collection to understand the way things are and what the research means, using both qualitative and quantitative data collection, systematic inquiry conducted by teachers for themselves about how they teach, how well their students learn; goal is gain reflective practice, effect positive change, improve student outcomes. The teacher researcher must determine what data will contribute to their understanding and resolution of a given problem. 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