They can have one pup per year after a 9-month gestation. Males gather near rookeries to compete with other males and attract females by slapping the water with their flippers. They canât âwalkâ on land the way a sea lion can. May congregate in larger groups than true seals. California sea lions are the "trained seal" of marine parks and circuses. elephant seal (top) and harbor seal. Adult males establish and defend breeding territories and form harems. Fall and winter is the most likely time for this occasional visitor to appear mixed in among the California sea lions on the Sea Lion Rocks. Monk seals, including the critically endangered Hawaiian monk seal, are also categorized as true seals. Sea lions can live 20-30 years, with females tending to live longer than males. When did YOU fall in love with Point Lobos. Then itâs time to start the cycle again. "This is very weird because it's hair and feathers, mammals and birds," he … Their bodies are long and slender, and their heads appear to be almost too large for their serpent-like bodies. The southern elephant seal belongs to the ‘true seal’ family. Elephant seals haul out to molt at different times based on age and gender, so you can always see some elephant seals at the rookeries. Video by NOAA Fisheries. Source: Sea Lion Eating a Leopard Shark, SD Expeditions. Their most outstanding feature is the inflatable proboscis (snout) which reaches full development in adult males, and is thought to increase the effectiveness of the bull elephant seal's roar. They can be heard from most locations in the reserve. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Females are much smaller. Leopard seals are the third largest seal in the world Female leopard seals, the larger of the two sexes, can grow up to 590 kg (1,300 pounds) and 3.8m meters (10 feet) long. Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Males can reach 650 pounds and 8 feet in length. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. Under the EPBC Act all seals and sea lions occurring within Australian waters are listed as marine species (EPBC Act 1999; section 248). This behavior is called âporpoising.â They are fast swimmers (reaching up to 25 mph), using the front flippers for propulsion and the hind flippers to steer. This is the southernmost breeding area for the species. Seals are smaller than sea lions; male Stellar sea lions can grow to be up to 2,200 pounds. The quiet behavior and camouflage coloration can make them easy to miss. Cetaceans (dolphins, porpoise and whales), pinnipeds (seals and sea lions) and sea otters call the Pacific Northwest home. When watching seals itâs important to avoid loud noises and to maintain a distance that does not disturb them. The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is the largest species of seal in the world. While at sea they lead a solitary life and cover long distances in search of food. They spend 80% of their life at sea foraging, only coming ashore to molt (shed hair and skin) and to mate for adults, or to rest for subadults. True seals are termed "earless" because they lack an external ear flap, whereas in "eared" seals or sea lions an external ear flap is visible. There are other, somewhat subtle, differences between the front flippers of the two groups, but the hind flipper differences are noticeable. But seals and sea lions are in different taxonomical families owing to some key anatomical differences. Like harbor seals, elephant seals lack ear flaps and move on land by flopping along on the belly. Sea Otters . It's even possible that a seal might to try to reproduce with a sea lion. Since the 1960's, the population of Steller sea lions has declined by at least 50%. The adult male, with its large elongated nose, is enormous at over 2 tons and up to 16 feet; females are significantly smaller. Elephant Seals. 95531. This is why they are more … They have external ears, hind flippers they can turn forward under the body and walk on and no fur on the under side of their flippers. The smaller females can grow to nine feet and weigh 1,000 pounds. Hauling out to rest and sleep is an important part of a sealâs routine. The group of marine mammals consisting of seals, sea lions, and walruses is known as the Pinnipeds, (from "pinna" meaning "feather" + "pes" meaning "foot" = "feather-footed"). About Elephant Seals Seals on the sand. Sand flipping is another clue. Stellers are much larger and lighter in color than California sea lions, ranging from light tan to reddish brown. Seals lack an external ear flap whereas sea lions have an external ear flap that is visible. Let’s sort out the taxonomy first. Elephant seals spend up to 80% of their lives in the ocean. Males reach lengths of nearly 20 feet (6 m) and weights of more than 8000 pounds (3700 kg). Males can grow to 11 feet in length and weigh almost 2,500 pounds. New Zealand examples include the leopard seal and southern elephant seal. The awkward movement on land is in sharp contrast to their excellent adaptation underwater. The "seals" you may see performing at marine parks are often sea lions. In and around RNSP, there are two seal species to be found, the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), and northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirotris). It is an offence to kill, injure, take, trade, keep, or move any member of a listed marine species on Australian Government land or in Commonwealth waters without a permit.Where these animals occur in state jurisdictions relevant state legislation applies. Steller sea lions have golden-colored fur with darker extremities, and instead of the "bark" of the California sea lion, Stellers vocalize by growling or "bellowing". Their only natural predators are orcas and great white sharks. Their solid color coats range from dark to golden brown. Female seals mature at 3-4 years. Instead they flop along on their bellies. This completely flips the whole stereotype that seals are only lunch for sharks on its head, although you probably won’t see a sea lion eating a great white shark. When discussing the difference between the seal vs. sea lion we can find five main differences that have to do with their anatomy and character traits. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were once abundant and commonly seen at Point Lobos as recently as the 1950âs. True seals are also known as earless seals, or simply "seals". The two species might be confused with one another because they share many physical characteristics. The most notable anatomical differences are the ears and the flippers. Mike Baird . Their large eyes and sensitive whiskers help locate prey. Small intestine lengths range from 8 times (California sea lion) to 25 times (elephant seal) the body length. The seal gets its name from its great size and the large proboscis of the adult males, which is used to make extraordinarily loud roaring noises, especially during the mating season. Longer and deeper dives are possible. They are dark grey immediately after moulting, fading through the year to a rusty greyish brown. They are opportunistic feeders and not very picky, eating a wide variety of fish, squid, octopus and even small sharks. Quiet and shy, harbor Sea lions and fur seals (seals with thick fur that are more similar to sea lions than to … Harbor seals come in a variety of colors from almost pure white to mottled gray or brown, but usually some form of color patterning is visible. Bulls grow up to 20ft and weigh up to four tons, and use their bulk to batter rivals in mating contests. The average depth of their dives is about 300 to 600 m (1,000 to 2,000 ft), typically for around 20 minutes for females and 60 … They often float together on the waterâs surface in rafts with one or both flippers raised out of the water. Harbor seals . The average length is 5 - 6 feet. Seals also are suited to spend more time in the water than sea lions, which can "walk" on shore with their large flippers and spend time in large social groups. Sea lions, on the other hand, are able to "walk" on land by rotating their hind flippers forward and underneath their big bodies. Seals and sea lions have many similarities, and are in the same family of Pinnipeds, but they lead very different lives. Oddly enough fur seals are not seals at all. The sea lions at Point Lobos are mostly adult males and juveniles of both sexes. Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. Harbor seals are quite common and may be seen lounging on flat-topped near shore rocks, or hauled out sandy beaches, primarily around the Redwood Creek estuary. Both have long front flippers and rotating hind flippers enabling them to âwalkâ on land. They spend about half their time on land and half in water. The population of California sea lions is considered stable. Fur seals are occasionally seen off the RNSP coastline farther out to sea, however, they do not come ashore here, and breed in the far northern Pacific. The average dive lasts less than 10 minutes and is relatively shallow, less than 300 feet. Also, sea lions are just plain noisy, whereas seals are a bit quieter. At nighttime they hunt within several miles of shore for fish, crabs, squid and octopus. The pinniped suborder has 33 species in three families. The occasional sightings at Point Lobos might include a recently weaned pup who hasnât learned to successfully forage and is suffering from malnutrition. Pinnipeds divide their time between near shore terrestrial habitats and the ocean. Whether obvious or hidden, physical attributes allow northern elephant seals to excel in the deep marine environment and to coexist with other seals and sea lions in the eastern North Pacific. Ano Nuevo State Park is about 2 hours north of Point Lobos. Gestation can be preceded by up to 3 months of delayed implantation. This does not help the already confused general public distinguish between seals and sea lions. Swim with their front flippers. Elephant seals dive to 1,550 m (5,090 ft) beneath the ocean's surface (the deepest recorded dive of an elephant seal is 2,388 m (7,835 ft) by a southern elephant seal, while the record for the northern elephant seal is 1,735 m (5,692 ft)). This causes differences between the two in locomotion when on land: seals move forward by caterpillar-like hitching movements; sea lions use their hind legs to walk or even gallop across land. Elephant seals dive deep in search of food. If you look closely at an elephant seal you notice black whiskers instead of the harbor sealâs white whiskers. For a comparison of some of the most common marine mammals found in the Pacific Northwest (gray whales and orcas, harbor seals and sea lions, Dalls porpoise and white-sided dolphin, sea otters and land mammal river otters), please watch Marine Mammals Two by Two . Sea lions can be seen year round although their numbers are less in summer. Harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) are the quiet marine mammals resting on near shore rocks along the Point Lobos shoreline. They now number approximately 85,000. They can rotate under the sea lion's body and support it, enabling the sea lion to "walk" with the flippers on land. 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